Laxmi Eye Hospital and Institute provides advanced treatments for a wide range of retina conditions. The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye and plays a crucial role in vision. Damage or disease of the retina can lead to vision problems and even blindness. Our team of retina specialists uses the latest diagnostic tools and treatments to effectively manage and treat retina conditions in patients of all ages.
Here are some common retina conditions that we treat:
The retina is a thin, light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye. The lens of the eye focuses light on the retina as the light focused on the film or sensor in the camera. The retina then converts this light into signals that are carried to the brain. Retina Specialist in Navi Mumbai should operate as it is a very delicate structure.
The retina has 10 microscopic layers. A most complex part of an eye. Always choose a Super Specialist Retina Consultant. Visit LEI to consult an experienced Retina Specialist in Navi Mumbai and Dombivli. Book an appointment to get a schedule of our Retina Specialist in Dombivli, Kharghar and Panvel.
It is a disorder in which the retina peels away from underlying layers which may lead to vision loss or blindness. It is a medical emergency.
There are 3 types of RD:
It is the most common type of retinal detachment. ‘Rhegma’ means ‘break’, hence in this type of retinal detachment, the cause is a hole or break somewhere in the retina. Any break (tear or hole) in the retina allows the fluid (vitreous) within the eye to pass through the tear and get behind the retina. This fluid pushes the retina forwards, causing it to get detached.
Tear or hole in the retina
Fluid enters through it
Fluid separates the retina from the layer providing nutrition and oxygen to the retina
Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD)- A common age-related condition, in which the jelly within the eye (vitreous) gets separated from the retina, pulls on it and tears it.
Pre-existing weak spots in the retina – lattice degeneration, retinal holes, etc.
Myopia (short-sightedness, needing minus-power glasses)
Complicated cataract surgery
Laxmi Eye Institute is proud of its full-fledged diagnostic centre, equipped with the latest and most sophisticated equipment, including the Avanti OCT by Optovue.
Sudden, painless loss of vision of one eye Feeling a ‘shadow’ or ‘curtain’ coming down in front of the eye Problems in the vitreous jelly can produce ‘floaters’ – cobweb or thread-like shadows which move around within the eye ‘Flashes’ or ‘sparks’ of light due to the vitreous jelly pulling on the retina.
There is no medical treatment for retinal detachment, like injections, tablets, or eye drops. This problem can only be treated with surgery, and the sooner the better.
In its earliest stages, the external laser can be done to seal the retinal tears or holes, or prevent a small detachment from extending.
Scleral Buckling surgery is an external surgery in which the doctor sews a silicone band to the outer layers of the eyeball, which pushes the eye-wall inward against the hole and closes it. This reduces the fluid flow through it allowing the retina to reattach.
Vitrectomy surgery is an internal surgery that involves the removal of vitreous jelly, attaching the retina, doing laser to seal the holes, and replacing the vitreous with silicone oil or gas.
Detection and treatment of RD are best done by a specialist vitreoretinal surgeon.
After surgery, the patient has to keep his/her head in a particular position for a few days, if gas or silicone oil has been injected.
Retinal detachment is a medical emergency, as the earlier, it is treated, the better is the outcome.
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) refers to a group of inherited diseases that affect the light-sensing cells (photoreceptor cells) responsible for capturing images from the visual field. These cells line the back of the eye in the layer known as the retina. People with RP experience a gradual decline in their vision because the two types of photoreceptor cells – rod and cone cells – die.
Rod cells are present throughout the retina, except for the very centre, and they help with night vision. Cone cells are also present throughout the retina but are concentrated in the central region of the retina (the macula).
They are useful for central (reading) vision and for colour vision. In RP, the rod cells, and eventually the cone cells stop working, causing vision loss; however, many people with RP retain useful central vision well into middle age.
There can be a very variable range in the onset of RP. Some people are diagnosed in childhood while others are not affected until they are adults.
The earliest difficulty is seeing in dim light (night-blindness)
Bumping into objects
Complete loss of vision only in very severe and advanced cases
RP is a genetic disease, but cases with no family history also commonly occur. There are various inheritance patterns for RP, including:
Autosomal dominant (30-40%),
Autosomal recessive (50-60%) and
X-linked Recessive (5-15%).
The autosomal dominant form of the disease tends to follow a milder course with the maintenance of preserved vision well into late middle age. The X-linked form is the most severe and central vision may be lost by the third decade.
If a family member is diagnosed with RP, it is strongly advised that other members of the family also have an eye exam by an eye doctor (ophthalmologist).
There are, as of yet, no proven or effective cures for RP, although research in this area has recently accelerated.
A wide range of assistive technologies for people with visual impairments provides plenty of choice for users at all stages of sight loss. Maximizing the remaining vision that an individual has is a crucial first step to take.
Spectacles- RP patients usually have short-sightedness (myopia), thus correction by spectacles not only improves vision but also enlarges the visual field.
Low Vision Aids- There are many new low vision aids including telescopic and magnifying lenses. The full-fledged Low Vision Clinic at Laxmi is one of only a handful in the entire region.
Medications- Its effectiveness is variable and generally limited. Vitamin A has only modest benefit and can have significant side effects.
Cataract Surgery -RP patients tend to develop cataracts at an earlier age and can do very well from cataract surgery, although the visual outcome obviously depends on the severity of the retinal degeneration. Laxmi Eye Institute is a world-renowned centre of excellence in cataract surgery.
Glaucoma Management- RP patients can have associated Glaucoma (3%). Treating it can preserve vision to some extent. At Laxmi Eye Institute we have dedicated glaucoma specialists and the most sophisticated diagnostic equipment and treatment strategies.
Macular edema management- Drug therapy and injections can enhance vision. These are administered by our highly qualified retina specialists at Laxmi Eye Institute.
Gene therapy- Therapy to replace defective genes is being explored in clinical trials for a small number of RP genes.
Newer Technologies- For individuals who may have lost a significant portion or all of their vision, there are other technologies that are currently being investigated, such as stem cell therapy and retinal chip implant technologies (e.g. Argus).
The disorder generally continues to progress, although very slowly in most cases. However complete loss of vision is very uncommon. There are many means by which vision can be maximized. Laxmi Eye Institute is a centre where multiple eye specialists and technologies are available for this purpose. Retina Specialist in Navi Mumbai at Laxmi Eye Hospital should operate as it is a very delicate structure.
The probable reasons for these retina conditions may include:
Eye injuries or trauma
High blood pressure
Exposure to toxins or radiation
Our team offers a range of treatments for these and other retina conditions, including laser therapy, injections, surgery, and medication. We are committed to providing personalized care to help our patients achieve the best possible outcomes and preserve their vision for years to come.
All Copyright© Reserved @Laxmi Eye Hospital And Institute